Tuesday, October 9, 2007

Do you think Foreign Aid is affective?

Faraj Aldossary
Writing Class - Heidi Wright

Does foreign aid fulfill good goals around the world? Foreign aid is one of greatest human services introduced to help others who have civil wars, natural problems, or poverty. According to Agencia de Informacao de Mocambique (2007), foreign aid comes from wealthy countries to help poor countries. Foreign aid takes different forms to reach to people deserved. These days, we see some countries that cannot live without foreign aid. Foreign aid take care of children, women, and old people who suffer from bad situations. However, we wonder if all foreign aid reach to those people or if it misses some during its way to them by workers, managers, or by other reasons. However, foreign aid is main reason for continuing many poor people’s lives. Foreign aid is good, but to make it effective we must do several things: choose good managers, make it tangible, and make strict punishments and useful rewards.

According to Brinkley (2006), the definition of foreign aid is ''funding for an emergency, like a natural disaster''(para.8). Foreign aid is managed by formal and informal institutions. They take foreign aid to give it to poor countries. There is formal foreign aid managed by united nations, and informal foreign aid managed by individuals or private institutions. Foreign aid is deserved human responsibility from wealth countries to poor countries. How can we see people needing to eat or drink while we stay and watch without give them any help? That question pushes many people and companies to contribute in foreign aid. Hartley (2005), states that "the history of foreign aid has been a history of bribery and corruption which often has not benefited and has even harmed the poorest because it has keep political elites in power”(para.15). However, some people support introducing foreign aid to help poor countries because they see it social responsibility. In article “Less aid. More trade” (2006), “the drumbeat grows louder for increased foreign aid. The United Nations Millennium Development Goals aim to halve extreme poverty, provide universal primary education and end the spread of HIV/AIDS. One thing is needed to do all this and much else: more money from rich nations”(para.1). Then, it is obvious that foreign aid helps poor countries to provide basic important requirements for their citizens. On the other hand, others disagree with introducing foreign aid because it makes poor countries dependent. In article “Less aid. More trade” (2006), “But the foreign aid debate is quite odd. Few ask the obvious question: Does foreign aid actually help the poor?”(para.2).

First of all, foreign aid should be managed by good people. Foreign aid is honesty for poor people, so workers who manage foreign aid have to be faithful, truthful, honest, and helpful to deliver those honesties to poor people who really deserve them. For example, if workers who manage foreign aid are not honest, though, and they steal some foreign aid blankets, then there will be some poor people without covers because they did not get their allowance. Moreover, people who divide foreign aid among poor people should be clever, faithful, and aware to recognize people who indeed need foreign aid and people who just want to take more fore other purposes. For example, some of poor people may take their allocation two or three times. So, foreign aid leaders should be organized and strict to avoid that problem. Furthermore, people who take lead foreign aid have to feel like poor people and remind poor people’s bad conditions to be away from bad behaviors toward foreign aid and poor people. Foreign aid is deserved right for poor people.

Next, foreign aid should be tangible. People who introduce foreign aid should look at poor people’s future instead of their temporary needs because that will benefit them for long a while through more than one generation. For example, schools can help poor people to know how can they gain their food and their needs? Another example, hospitals can save their lives more than temporary needs like clothes. Moreover, foreign aid should cover health tools and medicines as foreign aid tangible to fight contagious diseases that sometimes come from poverty such as rickets and malnutrition. According to Zakaria (2005), there is much money has spent to cure for people who have diseases around Asia and Africa. It is good for poor people to get useful different foreign aid to cover different needs.

Third, there should be strict punishments aid rewards for failing of foreign aid. People working on foreign aid should know that there are punishments for failing keep this section. For example, if they have 1000 meals of food, they must give them to 1000 poor people, or they will be punished. In addition, we have to recognize a guilty person among others by allocating responsibilities to be fair. For example, if there is rice was stolen, we have to look for a guilty among employees of a rice section, not among all employees of all sections. To make good employees we have to punish any one who makes a mistake because consequences urge people to do the best. On the other hand, people who give, they should receive rewards for this great work. We should encourage the people who give money, food, clothes, blankets, or any thing to help poor people to make them feeling good. For example, medals, certifications, letters of thanking. In article “Bush: U.S. to tighten sanctions on Myanmar” (2007), "A nation that is open in trading with the world will create economic rewards that far exceed anything they could get through foreign aid," he said. "Open markets ignite growth, encourage investment, increase transparency, strengthen the rule of law and help countries help themselves"(para.18). Moreover, we should show people who give that their aid is given to people intended for example, by records, films, or via media. The system of foreign aid should be clear for senders and receivers.

Opponents claim that foreign aid should be given to people intended as cash money because they think that those countries which receive foreign aid should decide the best ways for spending foreign aid according to their needs. However, this argument does not consider other sides that may make foreign aid is not effective. On other words, foreign aid as cash money is easy to be stolen. For example, we can hide money in our pockets, then nobody can notice it. According to Beeston (2006),“OXFAM suspended its operations … in an area of Indonesia devastated by the tsunami, after allegations that tens of thousands of pounds in aid money may have been stolen”( para.1). In addition, cash money is easy to spend, so poor people will waste cash money as fast as they can for easy and temporary things because they do not have enough knowledge how they can spend for important needs. For example, we spend much money for extra watches or pens just because we have cash money in our hands and they may be tempted to do the same. It is good for poor people to have vital things more than luxuries.
To sum up, foreign aid has exalted aim. We should care about foreign aid to show good picture of good relationships among people through different classes. Because we know the best things for those poor people, we should provide tangible foreign aid to cover many their needs through many years. In order to reach good outputs, we should make penalty and reward. We should encourage individuals and companies to invest in poor countries to build good economy as foreign aid. Foreign aid is responsibility depending on rich countries to help poor countries. With foreign aid, poor countries will have good infrastructures such as streets, schools, and housing. Foreign aid social work that has exalted principles. So, foreign aid will keep continuing for life.

Agencia de Informacao de Mocambique (2007, July 31). Mozambique; Finance Ministers Discuss IDA Replenishment. Africa News. Retrieved October 5, 2007, from Lexis Nexis
Beeston, R. (2006, March 17). Tsunami operations halted after aid theft allegations. The Times (London). Retrieved October 5, 2007, from Lexis Nexis
Brinkley, J (2006, March 4). Hamas Seems Undeterred By Threat To Cut Aid. The New York Times. Retrieved October 5, 2007, from Lexis Nexis
Bush: U.S. to tighten sanctions on Myanmar (2007, September 25). CNN.com. Retrieved October 5, 2007, from Lexis Nexis
Hartley, J. (2005, June 5). Blair to put pressure on bush to aid Africa aid; As Bob Geldof launches his latest crusade to save lives, the pm vows to win more support from America. Sunday Express. Retrieved October 5, 2007, from Lexis Nexis
Less aid. More trade (2006, September 22). National Edition. Retrieved October 5, 2007, from Lexis Nexis
Zakaria, F. (2005, November 28).The earth's learning curve; The scientific revolution that began 300 years ago has accelerated exponentially. It is moving so fast that the spread of knowledge defines our times. Nations that learn faster will prosper. But it will take something else--wisdom--to endure. Newsweek. Retrieved October 5, 2007, from Lexis Nexis

Fighting Corruption Is a Global Concern

Faraj Aldossary
Summary Response
Writing Class - Heidi Wright

Fighting Corruption Is a Global Concern
In this article “Fighting Corruption Is a Global Concern”, by David Zussman. The author discussed anti-corruption conference in Beijing that helps C think about corruption in world. Next, the author talks about the T. I. report making corruption issues visible to public. In addition, the author states that countries and global organizations are working together to abolish corrupting in society, business and government. Finally, the author mentions huge amount of global bribes are more spend that government financial.

It is clear that he calls against corruption. Corruption is considered a disease that damages any field, which will be around. Generally, corruption has disadvantages more than those advantages accepted for people who deal with. However, corruption should be fought form different institutions, besides, individuals because corruption wastes other’s rights.

First of all, people who deal with corruption cannot be honest or truthful because they will take sly and unclear ways to care for their self-behalf. For example, a manager who accepts to get bribery will take care for people who pay to him regardless of the system or regular people whom rights will be wasted. Moreover, there will be no difference between a persistent employee and a lazy employee. For example a teacher, who sell final exam questions to his students, will make money and his students will get high scores while a good teacher will get regular salary and his students will get regular scores. So, corruption reflects criterions and facts and wastes the rights.

Next, Corruption declines production of work. Corruption kill integrity because employees, who accept corruption situation, cannot do their duties unless they get illegal stimulants. For example, when a student always gets a gift from his father to do his homework, he will never fulfill his assignment without that gift. In addition, corruption impairs the work system of what leads to decline of production. For example, employees, who know that their manager takes bribe, won’t follow his directions exactly, therefore, productions of work will be decreased. Corruption comes with many problems caused sloth of production.

Third, Corruption causes less respect between a person who takes it and others. A person who deals by bribery his respect will be decreased for himself because he does wrong something that is not his right. For example, if a teacher’s morals don’t prevent him to take bribery, that means that he lost his face. In addition, coworkers will see at the person who takes bribery ,as kind of corruption, like a person who lives without morals, beliefs, and respect. For example, the teacher, who gives his students the final exam questions, will be isolated from his coworkers. Therefore, corruption loses much respect.

In conclusion, corruption wastes much good things, such as other’s rights, enough production, and required respect. Corruption damages beautiful life weather it is private or public. Corruption is malady that should be away from societies to get beautiful balance life.

From Ottawa citizen, Octoober 11, 2005, pp. A15. Copyright@2005 by David Zussman. Reprinted by permission.

Wednesday, August 8, 2007

Rural Chinese Leave Home in Search of a Better Life

Faraj Aldossary
EAP2-B Mr. Leverett
S/R # 2

In the article ”Rural Chinese Leave Home in Search of a Better Life” by L. Lim, the author reports that most Chinese people came from the countryside to live in the cities. They moved to cities to look for jobs and business to get better lives. The author states that Chinese people made the biggest internal migration around the world. Then, the author considers that is the major cause for booming cities. Next, the author views some examples to prove his idea; that internal migration caused overcrowding in big cities. After that, the author states that work in the city is easier than agriculture. Finally, the author mentions that Chinese people like to live in cities, instead of the countryside. I believe that people go from rural places to urban areas to get jobs, to benefit from advanced technology, and to study in developed schools.

First of all, people migrate from countryside to cities to get good work. Cities have many functional opportunities. For example, a city has many companies, factories, and commercial shops; like that situation certainly provides many vacant jobs. On the other hand, jobs give high wages in the city. For example, a factory that has hard and dangerous work gets high profits; accordingly, it gives high salaries. Therefore, there are many reasons that attract people to live in the city.

Second, there is a lot of advanced technological equipment in cities while they are not provided in villages. That equipment enriches a life to be very comfortable. For example, air conditioners, refrigerators, and furnaces. In addition, people live in a time of globalization, so they like to deal with technology; especially with communications. Consequently, cities have globalization’s components. For example, there are cell phones, TVs, computers, and electrical tools. Therefore, the technology is a good reason for people to prefer living in a city.

Third, a city has good educational institutions. There are good public schools and universities. For example, people who live in the city have available opportunities to complete their high study. Also, the city has private schools for people who want to get special learning and additional educational services. For example, if parents are employees and they have children, who will take care of their children? Then, they need private schools to keep and care for the children until their parents finish their work. Therefore, a city is a good place to get what you want of services.

In conclusion, a Chinese city has many good things and services. People move from rural places to the city to get some of them. This make these cities crowded. Year after year, the city will have overcrowding. Therefore, China’s government should make some procedures to obviate this problem before it happens. Finally, there are many organized crowded cities around the world.
Lim, L. (2006). Rural Chinese Leave Home in Search of a Better Life. National public Radio. Retrieved Aug 7, 2007 from

Tuesday, August 7, 2007

Overpopulation in China

Faraj Aldossary

Population is the number of people who are alive in the same place; house, area, city, country, or entire the world at the same time. Any country has to know the trends of its population to take care of them in the future. A country’s government is responsible to provide a good life for its population. The government has to have strong infrastructures such as schools , health care centers, hospitals, and housing. On the other hand, there are many countries around the world that have overpopulation; China is one of them. Overpopulation is a large number of people who live in a limited place together. Overpopulation is a problem that comes with many social, economical, environmental, security problems. Overpopulation is a main cause of serious crises whether they are individual or public. “Overpopulation, the situation of having large numbers of people with too few resources and too space, is closely associated with poverty” (Zaki, 2007, para. 9). China is the biggest country that suffers from overpopulation. Moreover, China’s population forms a high percent of the increase of world’s population growth. According to Associated Press Online (2007), China’s population increased by almost 7 million people at the end of 2006. China has 20 percent of the world’s population. Chinese authorities formulated procedures to control or decrease overpopulation. According to Ford (2007), China’s family-planning policy, China’s birth-control policy, and one-child policy are examples of China’s government polices to control its overpopulation. Therefore, I believe that any country that has overpopulation will be exposed to be after developing countries, because it will suffer from environmental and economic problems; besides, it will have places that will be overcrowded.

First of all, overpopulation affects environment negatively. If a society consists of many people, then the society will face impact from people. The people will suffer from a lack of natural resources; food, water, energy, and clean air. When population increases, then natural resources should increase to perform people’s needs. For example, surely people need to eat every day; if Chinese people eat a unique kind of food such as a burger meal, China’s government will be forced to provide a lot of burger meals; this requires killing many cattle, consequently, they will end the category of cows or they are not going to find burger meals to eat in the next day. ”Population growth results increases the demand for food production” (Stancheva, 2003, para. 4). Furthermore, overpopulation impacts water sources. Overpopulation demands an increase of agriculture, industry, and other areas that basically depend on water. Thus there is an increase of water consumption. Furthermore, water is not less important than food, so people need it for many vital uses. According to Stancheva (2003, para. 2), water is a fundamental thing of life. It is demanded to keep the balance of each ecosystem. Also, it is used by plants and animals to fulfill important functions. The consumption of water increases as long as human population increases.

Second, overpopulation causes negative effects on a country’s economy. Government will face many people without jobs to support themselves. This will raise the rate of unemployment; therefore, this will increase the rate of crime because the people will need to steal, fight, burglarize, or even kill to get vital needs to survive. For example, if someone is starving but he does not have money to buy food and does not have any source to get help, then he will resort to wrong ways to get food by stealing that will lead him eventually to be criminal, that is a basic pushing forward of crime. On the other hand, most Chinese people are working-age; besides, the Chinese authorities apply some policies to control overpopulation. This will lead to China’s having many old people over working-age. “In the next decade, the proportion of China’s over-65 population will begin to grow while the working-age population will being to shrink. That will impose huge financial burdens on a country struggling to meet its pension commitments to the elderly” (Radio and Television Stories, 2006).

Third, overpopulation pushes people to be crowded. In some countries, there are many cities that have become increasingly crowded until whole families lived in one-room. In China country, people have migranted from rural places to urban areas for searching of work, jobs, and a good life. Therefore, the crowd of people will bring many social problems such as poverty and homelessness. For example, in the down town of big cities, it is difficult for traffic because many people are crowded over there. “Roughly two thirds of China’s population is born in rural areas. But more and more of those people are moving to the cities to look for work”(Lim, 2006). On the other hand, I truly feel that rural people’s moving from the countryside to city should not blamed for all the country’s problems but they are increasing the effects of overpopulation and making problems harder to solve. For example, many people may move to the city at same time; then, the government can not immediately provide houses for all of them. “Cities are predicted to edge out rural areas in more than sheer numbers of people. Poverty is increasing more rapidly in urban areas, and governments need to plan for where the poor will live rather than leaving them to settle illegally in shanties without sewerage and other services, the United Nations report says” (Celia, 2007).

Many opponents believe that any country that has overpopulation will be a developing country, and then a developed country, because overpopulation will support many vital areas. They argue that China’s overpopulation is going to force people to work in different fields; consequently, they will produce benefits in different areas. They think if population increases, then factories, companies, shops, farms, and buildings will increase, too. In addition, they say that China will export its culture through its immigrants. In addition, China’s overpopulation will be useful to increase other countries’ populations. However, the overpopulation problem is the big cause for many problems. Overpopulation may support some fields by many people, but more and more people will be unemployed. This situation will put China’s government in trouble because they will face social, economic, political problems. Consequently, the government can not control overpopulation. Then, there will be noisy, crazy, and starving people nationwide. For example, when a country has overpopulation, then those people will have many children. Those children will need schools, health care, and all vital services or they will be homeless. According to Zaki (2007, para. 2), poorest people around the world live in developing areas such as Asia. Mostly, they suffer from poverty, drug use, crime, and high rates of disease.

In conclusion, when a family has a big number, then it will buy a bigger house to live comfortably. That is a good solution for family, but it is impossible for a country. Chinese authorities have tried to control overpopulation. They applied many policies to control it. All the world takes care of China’s overpopulation because the Chinese people have a high percentage of the world’s population. Overpopulation is a big controversial issue. Overpopulation has advantages if the authorities can control it, or it will have many disadvantages. However, there are some debates about overpopulation now. Nevertheless, to control overpopulation, it is essential to produce vital needs. Moreover, China’s overpopulation may be a coming danger to the world. The Chinese authorities are facing many troubles with overpopulation. Many people in China live in large cities that affect the. Since the increasing of the population size in China country, the government should take care of residents and they should control and decrease China’s overpopulation. Absolutely, they should consider and make better urban areas to prevent becoming an under-developed country.

Associated Press Online (2007, March 01). China’s population Grew About 7 Million. Retrieved Aug 02, 2007 from http://web.lexis-nexis.com

Celia, D. (2007, June 28). U.N. Predicts Urban Population Explosion. The New York Times. Retrieved Aug 02, 2007 from http://web.lexis-nexis.com

Ford, P. (2007, Feb. 27). Chinese county reins in birth-rate-without a one-child limit. Christian Science Monitor. Retrieved Aug 02, 2007 from http://web.lexis-nexis.com

Lim, L. (2006, may 17). Rural Chinese Leave Home in Search of a Better Life. National Public Radio (NPR). Retrieved Aug 02, 2007 from http://web.lexis-nexis.com

Radio and Television Stories (2006, March 07). Population Pressures. VOA’s latest series. Retrieved Aug 02, 2007 from http://www.voanews.com

Stancheva, T. (2007, June 02). Effects of overpopulation on the environment. Swarthmore College Environmental Studies. Retrieved Aug 02, 2007 from http://fubini.swarthmore.edu

Zaki, H. (2007, April 21). Poverty and Related Issues. Global News Wire. Retrieved Aug 02, 2007 from http://web.lexis-nexis.com

Monday, August 6, 2007

Computers 2

Faraj Aldossary
EAP2-B Mr. Leverett
Fluency # 7

Computers are the top of invention of technologies because many of the other technologies are dependent on the computer. Moreover, the computer enhanced many things in our lives. On the other hand, the computer comes with many problems. Computer has some disadvantages which causes disapproval in some areas. Actually, it is not bad but there are many people who use it in a bad way. This makes it sometimes a harmful tool. For example, someone can make a program to steal a lot of personal information. Other people can make a program for damaging other’s computers. In addition, it could be a safe way for criminals to contact each other, which will encourage crime to be extended. Finally, computer might have one disadvantage to abolish many of its advantage.

Computers 1

Faraj Aldossary
Fluency # 6

Computer is the best thing of technology that has enhanced our lives; day life was walking slowly before computers. There were hand documents, so if you wanted to produce some formal documents, you would waste a lot of time waiting for governmental procedures to finish your documents. In addition, there was no communication between different cultures as we see now. These days, you can not imagine there is a place without computers; governmental positions, schools, private institutions, hospitals, airports, offices, or houses all use computers. Moreover, you barely watch someone without computer. However, there are many reasons that use of computer has spread throughout the world. First of all, there are many kinds of computer sizes, systems, and shapes. Next, anyone can use it to do simple assignments, so the computer is easy to use. Finally, computer saves your money because it is cheap to use. Therefore, computers have made our life better than before.


Faraj Aldossary
EAP2-B Mr. Leverett
Fluency # 5

I think the best romantic place is Lebanon country. When I got married, my bride and I went there. We spent about one month over there. Lebanon country has many choices to enjoy wild nature, sea, museums, historic relics, fantastic international hotels, amusement parks, and hospitable people. Because we wanted to visit most of the beautiful things in Lebanon country, we made a plan to move there. Then we enjoyed over there, and we recognized new things and new experiences. Over there, you will find fresh natural fruits, delicious food, and a fit climate to refresh your life. I like Lebanon country as a romantic place. When we went there we wished to live there forever, but now we thank god we aren’t there because of civil war. These days, I am sad for their situations. Lebanon looks like an innocent girl; they should keep it a rose in global earth.